Samara

Samara is a city of great 400-year history, classical Russian architecture and unique nature, where, against the backdrop of green hills and the majestic Volga River, the golden domes of churches and the sparkling facades of modern buildings are combined.

 

Samara - The Honour Square

Samara – The Glory Square

 

Samara – the city in the heart of Russia and it is not for nothing that the very outline of Samara Oblast reminds the shape of heart. Samara – the city of contradictions. You can see a rundown wooden building standing next to the most modern shining high-rise building. There is a convent – Iversky nunnery and right in front of it – just across the road you will find a brewery and its notoriously famous pub. Having been established in 1586, this city rapidly developed into one of the largest trading centre specialised in grain and flour production in the late nineteenth – early twentieth century. Samara is a former merchant town, so there are plenty of old buildings – banks, merchant houses, the trade exchange, schools, the Assembly of Nobility. Samara has been always well known for its great variety of different religious confessions being practiced next to each other so freely and with utter tolerance to each other – Evangelical Lutheran Church, the Polish church of the Holy Heart of Jesus, the mosque, the orthodox churches, the Old Believer church can be found on its streets. During the Great Patriotic War Samara was regarded as a “second capitalal” of the country and most all the key plants of war industry were evacuated to Samara from Moscow and St.Peterburg (former Leningrad), along with foreign embassies, the majority of governmental bodies, the Bolshoi Theatre, etc. Samara became a principal platform for the realization of USSR Space Programme. It was in Samara where famous fighters “IL 2” were produced.

After the Second World War Samara preserved its status as a largest industrial, scientific and cultural centre of Russia. It was in Samara where the seventh Symphony by D. Shostakovich was performed for the first time. There are lots of must-see sights as the biggest square in Europe, the longest Volga river embankment in Russia, the tallest railway station in Europe, The “Samara Space” Museum and Exhibition Centre, Stalin’s Bunker and plenty of others.

 

 

Interesting facts:

  • The city’s population is 1,164,700, listed as 9th most populated city of Russia (2017)
  • The famous Volga port was established in 14th century.
  • The city stretches out up to 40 km along Volga river
  • Samara changed its name twice – from 1935 to 1990 it was named Kuibyshev (after revolutionary)
  • The city has a continental climate, with hot summers (average temperature of 20 degrees) and cold winters (average temperature of minus 13 degrees)
  • The city is well known for producing Aerospace launch vehicles and Space shuttles.
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