Kazan Cathedral

Kazan Cathedral - Nevsky Prospect

Kazan Cathedral – Nevsky Prospect

Kazan Cathedral is one of the largest religious buildings in St. Petersburg. It was built on the site of a small and already dilapidated church of the Nativity of the Virgin by the decree of Emperor Paul I in 1801-1811, according to the project of architect A. Voronikhin. But Pavel the First did not managed to look at what had been built as he died shortly before all the construction works were finished. Thus, his son, Alexander the First., had to open the building.
The exterior of the temple is somewhat reminiscent of the St. Peter’s Vatican’s Cathedral. The peculiar feature of the cathedral is the colonnade and the only dome of the cathedral, which is uncharacteristic of the Russian temple architecture of the Moscow period. The main shrine of Kazan Cathedral – the miraculous icon of the Kazan Mother of God was moved there from the church-predecessor.

Kazan Cathedral St. Petersburgh Russia inside

Kazan Cathedral St. Petersburgh Russia inside

The best sculptors of Russia worked on creating bas-reliefs of the exterior and interior decoration of the Kazan Cathedral – Gordeev, Rachette, Prokofiev. Bronze statues of Saints Vladimir, Andrew the First-Called, John the Baptist and Alexander Nevsky, created by Pimenov, Martos and Demut-Malinovsky, make the temple strikingly unforgettable from the outside. The front doors are an exact replica of the doors of the Baptistery in Florence by master Ghiberti. 56 columns of pink Finnish granite with gilded Corinthian capitals and bases make the interior of the cathedral so impressing, leaving you with a sense of grandeur and spaciousness.
In the Kazan cathedral the trophies of the war of 1812 were kept – the standards, 107 banners and 97 keys from the cities taken by the Russian troops, the baton of Marshal Davout. In the beginning of the 20th century they were partially given to the Historical Museum of Moscow. In the northern part of the church M.I. Kutuzov is buried. In front of the cathedral there are monuments of M.B. Barclay de Tolly and M.I. Kutuzov.

Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburgh at night

Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburgh at night

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