The Moscow Underground

Moscow Underground - Komsomolskaya station

Moscow Tube – Komsomolskaya station

The Moscow metro is one of the largest, deepest, most beautiful and busiest in the world.

The concept of the metro was suggested in the 1930s, and it was launched on 15 May, 1935. The underground project was created by Soviet architects, sculptors, artists. It was meant to become something like underground palaces for ordinary people. The stations are opulently ornated with a finishing stone (marble, granite). There are lots of stained-glass artworks, paintings, mosaics, various sculptural groups, and some stations are decorated with examples of art of socialist realism era. The metropolitan has evolved and today the system includes 12 lines, 188 stations and the total length of its tracks is around 313.1 km. The Moscow Metro is the fourth busiest underground system in the world, after the metros of Tokyo, Beijing, Seoul. Its passengers traffic per year is about 2.5 billion people. At such a scale, the Moscow Metro has become a kind of “state in the state” far long ago, with its amazing history, legends, horror stories, mysticism and specific psychology.

Moscow Underground - Mayakovskaya station

Moscow Tube – Mayakovskaya station

The most beautiful station of the Moscow metro is Mayakovskaya. Largely, due to the fact that there are relatively few passengers using it (although the station is in the center, but it does not serve as a junction), and you can see the magnificent interior of 1938. “Mayakovskaya” was built according to the project of architect A. Dushkin, the vault of the station is decorated with mosaics made according to the sketches of the artist A. Deineka. The Mayakovskaya station project received the Grand Prix at the World Exhibition in New York in 1939.

The Novoslobodskaya station with its luxurious coloured stained-glass windows, the Revolution Square with famous bronze sculptures and many other stations of the Stalin era are no less beautiful. But because of the huge passenger flow sometimes it can be difficult to stop for a while and to see the beauty of the interiors.

Moscow Subway - Novoslobodskaya station

Moscow Tube – Novoslobodskaya station

An interesting fact. When German troops were so close to Moscow in October 1941, the metro was prepared to be blown so as not to get into the enemy’s hands. Fortunately, the order was cancelled. During the Great Patriotic War many metro stations served as bomb shelters, and the substation “Kirovskaya” (now “Chistiye Prudy”) was a communications centre of the Supreme High Command General Headquarters in 1941, so trains did not stop at that station.

The deepest station of the Moscow underground is Park Pobedy. With its depth of 84 meters, it is the 4th world’s deepest station.

Moscow Subway - Rimskaya station

Moscow Underground – Rimskaya station

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